Expert System to Detect the Level of Parental Stress in Online Learning by Using Forward Chaining Method

  • Susi Erlinda M. Kom STMIK Amik Riau
  • Rika Desmalita STMIK Amik Riau
  • Liya Astarilla Dede Warman STMIK Amik Riau
Keywords: Expert System Covid-19 Online Learning Forward Chaining


This research was aimed to make an expert system application to detect and identify the parental stress level in online learning by using the Forward Chaining method. The system was designed and implemented based on Desktop by using basic programming language. The data were collected through questionnaire consisted of 30 questions. The final score would determine the stress level of the respondents. The respondents were chosen by using random sampling technique. XAMPP data with the results obtained from 150 respondents who have educational backgrounds; elementary school (4 respondents), junior high school (6 respondents), high school (120 respondents), associate degree (11 respondents), bachelor degree (9 respondents).There were 123 respondents do not work, and 27 respondents were working parents. The findings showed that from 150 respondents there were 22% or 33 respondents were at normal level, 6% or 9 respondents were at mild level of stress, 8% or 12 respondents were at moderate level of stress, and 64% or 96 respondents were at severe level of stress. It was concluded that this application can be used to detect the parental stress level in online learning. It was also expected through the use of this application can help parents to detect their stress level earlier and find solution of it in order to avoid the negative impact of their problems.


[1] Warman, L.A.D. 2022. Students’ Perception of the Use of Google Classroom in Flipped English Learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Proceeding of the 67th TEFLIN International Virtual Conference & the 9th ICOELT 2021 (TEFLIN ICOELT 2021). Vol.624, 158-169.
[2] Demir, E., & Demir, C. G. (2021). Investigation of parents’ opinions about distance education during the COVID-19 pandemic. Turk. Online J. Distance Educ. 22, 42–57.
[3] Tse, J., Flin, R & Mearns, K. 2010. Facets of jobs Effort in bus driver health: Deconstructing ‘effort’ in the Effort- Reward Imbalance model, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. 2010; 12: 48-62.
[4] Tucker J, Sinclair R, Mohr C, Adler A, Thomas J, Salvi A. 2008. A temporal investigation of the direct, interactive, and reverse relations between demand and control and affective strain, Work & Stress. 22: 81-95.
[5] Oguntimilehin, A., Abiola, O. B., & Adeyemo, O. A. (2015). A clinical decision support system for managing stress. Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences, 6(8), 436-442.
[6] Billings, D. W., Cook, R. F., Hendrickson, A., & Dove D. C. (2008). A web-based approach to managing stress and mood disorders in the workforce. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 50(8), 960-968. JOM.0b013e31816c435b.
[7] Alisma, Yuli, and Zakwan Adri. 2021. “Parenting Stress Pada Orangtua Bekerja Dalam Membantu Anak Belajar Di Rumah.” PSYCHE: Jurnal Psikologi 3(1): 64–74.
[8] Johnson, M.S., Nora, S., Omit, V. E., Asle, H., & Sverre, U. J., 2021. Parenting in Pandemic: Parental stress, anxiety, and depression among parents during the government initiated physical distancing measures following the first wave of COVID-19. Stress & Health Online Library Journal. Vol.38, Issue 4. 637-652.
[9] Yamamura,E., & Tsustsui,Y. (2021). The impact of closing schools onworkingfromhomeduringtheCOVID‐19pandemic:Evidenceusingpanel data from Japan.Reviewsof HouseholdEconomics,19, 41–60.‐020‐09536‐5.
[10] Petts, R. J., Daniel L. C., & Joanna, R.P. 2020. A Gendered Pandemic: Childcare, Homeschooling, and Parents’ Employment during COVID-19. Wiley Online Article. John Wiley & Son Ltd.
[11] Nurcholis, Fauziah, K., & Novi, D. N. 2021. Perpaduan Metode Certainty Factor dan Forward Chaining untuk Menentukan Tingkat Stres Mahasiswa Tingkat Akhir Berbasis Android. Jurnal JTIK (Jurnal Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi), Vol. 5 (3), 267-276.
[12] Levina & Sigit, B. 2021. Rancangan Screening Stress Kerja dengan Metode Forward Chaining Berbasis Android. Jurnal Informatika dan Bisnis. Vol. 9, No.1. 1-10.

[13] Farajullah, Farajullah, and Murinto Murinto. 2019. “Sistem Pakar Deteksi Dini Gangguan Kecemasan (Anxiety) Menggunakan Metode Forward Chaining Berbasis Web.” JSTIE (Jurnal Sarjana Teknik Informatika) (E-Journal) 7(1): 1.
[14] Simamora. R & Irina Yoshinta. 2017. Aplikasi Sistem Pakar Untuk Memeriksa Tingkat Stres Individu. Jurnal TIMES, Technology Informatics and Information System. Vol. 6, No. 2, 58-68.